|This article was migrated from DF2014:Size and may be inaccurate for the current version of DF (v50.11). See this page for more information.|
|This article is about the current version of DF.|
Note that some content may still need to be updated.
- You may be looking for size of clothing, armor, the dimensions of a tile, or the list of creatures by size.
Size has many important effects on the game, many through its direct effect on item weight, but as material properties go, its implementation is sometimes underwhelming - witness the incredible compression of matter, space, and time that is the QSP. When even multiple full grown dragons occupy a single square, size becomes a little difficult to contextualize. It doesn't help that a bronze colossus fits in a basic wooden cage (although, a fire man fits in it too).
Size is used to calculate an item's weight, along with the density of the underlying material(s):
- Weight (in Γ) = Density (in kg/m3) * Size (in cm3) / 1,000,000 (cm3 in a m3)
The weight of creatures is calculated from the densities and sizes of the layers of their body parts, which currently results in corpse weights that are about 1/3 heavier than expected.
Internally, all custom size numbers are rounded down to the nearest multiple of 10 - thus, if you define an item with [SIZE:15], it will actually behave as if you had specified [SIZE:10].
When it comes to creatures, size is a rough stand-in for weight since standard flesh weighs about one gram per cubic centimeter. However, in the typical complexity of Dwarf Fortress, there are a number of other materials animals can include (ivory, hair, horn, shell, etc.) which have their own densities, shifting a creature's actual weight relative to its size, sometimes significantly (elephant tusks weigh a lot). Creature size is determined by
[BODY_SIZE] tokens, often with multiple tokens to set their base size at certain ages.
Bodysize determines several things:
- Average butchering yields.
- How much damage they can absorb (along with morphology).
- How much damage they can inflict in melee (along with morphology and attack definition tokens).
- For creatures that can wear equipment (
The actual size of an individual creature is the result of different effects:
- The base BODY_SIZE for the species of creature.
- The age of the creature; most creatures are born at minimum size, and grow to a maximum.
- Some, like dragons and most species of snake, grow throughout their entire lifetime, and may not live long enough to reach the maximum.
- Inheritance; many creatures have
[BODY_APPEARANCE_MODIFIER]) tokens, that allow them to vary in height, width, or length, which they can pass on to children.
- Muscle mass, determined by it's strength attribute (a thin dwarf with ~44210 size will be ~64210 once they become unbelievably strong), due to muscle having
- Fat mass, due to
Sample list of creature sizes in cm3
|Name||Size at birth||Size at maturity||Notes|
|Adder||15||150||Smallest (non-vermin) creature|
|Rabbit||50||500||Smallest domestic animal|
|Giant tiercel peregrine||8,308||113,292||Smallest giant animal|
|Water buffalo||100,000||1,000,000||Largest domestic creature|
|Elephant||500,000||5,000,000||Largest natural land-based creature|
|Cave dragon||6,000||15,000,000||Largest cavernous creature|
|Sperm whale||500,000||25,000,000||Largest natural creature|
|Giant elephant||4,000,000||40,000,000||Largest land-based creature|
|Giant sperm whale||4,000,000||150,000,000||Largest creature, period|
Item types not defined in the raws also have a size which can be determined from their weight and material density, using DFHack, or code debugging. Some assorted item type sizes, and their storage capacity when applicable:
|Corpse||Special||Based on the size of the corpse and what it's made of.|
|Armor||Special||Depends on armor type and the race it was crafted for. See here for some examples.|
|Shields||Special||Based on UPSTEP and the race that crafted it.|
|Body part||Special||Based on the size of the body part and what it's made of.|
|Live vermin||Special||Based on creature's adult size.|
|Tame vermin||Special||Based on creature's adult size.|
|Thread||ceil(Dimension/50)1||Freshly gathered/produced thread has a dimension of 15000 and thus has a volume of 300|
|Cloth||ceil(Dimension/50)1||Freshly woven cloth has a dimension of 10000 and thus has a volume of 200|
|Ballista arrow head||10000|
|Coin||10(16)1||16 rounded down to 10|
|Small rock||2000||As thrown by adventurers.|
|Tool||SIZE1||CAPACITY1||Includes items such as nest boxes, jugs, large pots, hives, minecarts, wheelbarrows, stepladders, pedestals, and display cases|
|Egg||Special||Presumably the caste's EGG_SIZE.|
|Sheet||ceil(Dimension/50)1||A fresh sheet has a dimension of 10000 and thus has a volume of 200|
|Branch||5000||An adventurer mode item|
- 1 - As noted above, all values are rounded down to the nearest multiple of 10, down to a minimum value of 1.