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Seed

From Dwarf Fortress Wiki
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This article is about the current version of DF.
Note that some content may still need to be updated.

Looking for information on world generation seeds? See Advanced world generation.
For information on seed management, see How do I manage my seeds and crops?
Seeds sprite preview.png

Seeds are used in farming to grow crops - some can be used to make oil. They can be stored in bags (100 seeds per bag), which can in turn be stored in barrels or pots (10 bags per barrel/pot). Different seeds generally can't be mixed within a bag, so storing seeds of 10 different types requires 10 (or more) different bags (though a bug does cause dwarves to combine seeds occasionally).

Seeds can be brought on embark or obtained by trading. They can also be produced from plants (acquired by plant gathering or growing the respective crops). When a plant is eaten or used in brewing, milling or plant processing, it leaves one or two plantable seeds (see below for details). The exceptions are valley herb and kobold bulb, which will not leave behind seeds after processing. Cooking plants in a kitchen never produces seeds.

Tree seeds cannot currently be planted, though a few varieties, such as macadamia nuts and walnuts, are edible or cookable. Some seeds do not have a sprite assigned to them.

However, presently dwarves will rather starve than eat a seed raw. Sadly, some seeds are completely worthless, based on them being unfarmable, inedible, and not processable. For the moment these can be dumped/sold freely.

Seed List[edit]

Seed type Graphic Edible Raw Cookable Farmable Vermin Edible Oil Seed Raws/Menu Order Worthless?
Abaca seeds No No No Yes No 092 Yes
Acacia seeds No Yes No Yes No 153 No
Acorns Yes Yes No Yes No 152 No
Alfalfa seeds Alfalfa seeds sprite.png No Yes Yes Yes No 009 No
Almonds Yes Yes No Yes No 119 No
Apple seeds No No No Yes No 120 Yes
Apricot pits No No No Yes No 121 Yes
Artichoke seeds Artichoke seeds sprite.png No No Yes Yes No 035 No
Asparagus seeds Asparagus seeds sprite.png No No Yes Yes No 036 No
Avocado pits No No No Yes No 103 Yes
Bambara groundnut Bambara groundnut seeds sprite.png Yes Yes Yes Yes No 037 No
Banana seeds No No No Yes No 093 Yes
Barley seeds No Yes Yes Yes No 006 No
Bayberry seeds No No No Yes No 122 Yes
Beet seeds Beet seeds sprite.png No No Yes No No 040 No
Bilberry seeds Bilberry seeds sprite.png No No Yes No No 087 No
Bitter melon seeds Bitter melon seeds sprite.png No No Yes No No 041 No
Bitter orange seeds No No No Yes No 108 Yes
Bitter vetch seeds Bitter vetch seeds sprite.png No Yes Yes Yes No 016 No
Blackberry seeds Blackberry seeds sprite.png No No Yes No No 089 No
Blade weed seeds Blade weed seeds sprite.png No Yes Yes Yes No 147 No
Bloated tuber seeds Bloated tuber seeds sprite.png No No Yes No No 139 No
Blood amaranth seeds Blood amaranth seeds sprite.png No Yes Yes Yes No 018 No
Blueberry seeds Blueberry seeds sprite.png No No Yes No No 088 No
Broad bean Broad bean seeds sprite.png No Yes Yes Yes No 039 No
Buckwheat seeds Buckwheat seeds sprite.png No Yes Yes Yes No 007 No
Cabbage seeds Cabbage seeds sprite.png No No Yes No No 042 No
Cacao beans No Yes No No No 157 No
Candlenuts No Yes No Yes No 155 No
Caper seeds Caper seeds sprite.png No No Yes No No 043 No
Carambola seeds No No No Yes No 094 Yes
Carrot seeds Wild carrot seeds sprite.png No Yes Yes Yes No 044 No
Cashews No No No Yes No 095 Yes
Cassava seeds Cassava seeds sprite.png No No Yes No No 045 No
Cave wheat seeds Cave wheat seeds sprite.png No Yes Yes Yes No 135 No
Celery seeds Celery seeds sprite.png No No Yes No No 046 No
Cherry pits No No No Yes No 123 Yes
Chestnuts Yes Yes No Yes No 154 No
Chickpea No Yes Yes Yes No 047 No
Chicory seeds Chicory seeds sprite.png No No Yes No No 048 No
Citron seeds No No No Yes No 106 Yes
Coffee beans No No No No No 096 Yes
Cotton seeds Cotton seeds sprite.png Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 031 No
Cowpea Cowpea seeds sprite.png No Yes Yes Yes No 049 No
Cranberry seeds Cranberry seeds sprite.png No No Yes No No 086 No
Cucumber seeds Cucumber seeds sprite.png No No Yes No No 050 No
Custard-apple seeds No No No Yes No 113 Yes
Date palm seeds No No No Yes No 114 Yes
Desert lime seeds No No No Yes No 111 Yes
Dimple cup spawn Dimple cup seeds sprite.png No Yes Yes Yes No 146 No
Durian seeds No Yes No Yes No 097 No
Eggplant seeds Eggplant seeds sprite.png Yes Yes Yes Yes No 051 No
Elephant-head amaranth seeds Elephant head amaranth seeds sprite.png No Yes Yes Yes No 021 No
Finger lime seeds No No No Yes No 109 Yes
Finger millet Finger millet seeds sprite.png No Yes Yes Yes No 024 No
Fisher berry seeds Fisher berry seeds sprite.png No Yes Yes Yes No 144 No
Flax seeds Flax seeds sprite.png Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 028 No
Fonio Fonio seeds sprite.png No Yes Yes Yes No 026 No
Foxtail millet Foxtail millet seeds sprite.png No Yes Yes Yes No 025 No
Garden cress seeds Garden cress seeds sprite.png No No Yes No No 052 No
Garlic seeds Garlic seeds sprite.png No Yes Yes Yes No 053 No
Ginkgo seeds Yes Yes No Yes No 124 No
Grape seeds Grape seeds sprite.png No No Yes No No 085 No
Guava seeds No No No Yes No 098 Yes
Hard wheat seeds Generic wheat seeds sprite.png No Yes Yes Yes No 004 No
Hazel nuts Yes Yes No Yes No 125 No
Hemp seeds Hemp seeds sprite.png Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 030 No
Hide root seeds Hide root seeds sprite.png No Yes Yes Yes No 148 No
Horned melon seeds Horned melon seeds sprite.png No No Yes No No 054 No
Jute seeds Jute seeds sprite.png No No Yes No No 029 No
Kaniwa seeds Kaniwa seeds sprite.png No Yes Yes Yes No 015 No
Kenaf seeds Kenaf seeds sprite.png Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 033 No
Kumquat seeds No No No Yes No 112 Yes
Leek seeds Leek seeds sprite.png No No Yes No No 055 No
Lentil Lentil seeds sprite.png No Yes Yes Yes No 056 No
Lesser yam seeds Lesser yam seeds sprite.png No No Yes No No 080 No
Lettuce seeds Lettuce seeds sprite.png Yes Yes Yes No No 057 No
Lime seeds No No No Yes No 104 Yes
Long yam seeds Long yam seeds sprite.png No No Yes No No 081 No
Longland grass seeds Longland grass seeds sprite.png No Yes Yes Yes No 142 No
Lychee seeds No No No Yes No 115 Yes
Macadamia nuts Yes Yes No Yes No 116 No
Maize Maize seeds sprite.png No Yes Yes Yes No 013 No
Mango pits No No No Yes No 156 Yes
Muck root seeds Muck root seeds sprite.png No No Yes No No 138 No
Mung bean Mung bean seeds sprite.png No Yes Yes Yes No 058 No
Muskmelon seeds Muskmelon seeds sprite.png No No Yes No No 059 No
Oats seeds Oats seeds sprite.png No Yes Yes Yes No 008 No
Olive pits No No No Yes No 117 Yes
Onion seeds Onion seeds sprite.png No No Yes No No 060 No
Orange seeds No No No Yes No 107 Yes
Papaya seeds No No No Yes No 099 Yes
Papyrus sedge seeds No No Yes No No 034 No
Paradise nuts No No No Yes No 100 Yes
Parsnip seeds Parsnip seeds sprite.png No Yes Yes Yes No 061 No
Passion fruit seeds Passion fruit seeds sprite.png No No Yes No No 084 No
Peas Pea seeds sprite.png No Yes Yes Yes No 062 No
Peach pits No No No Yes No 126 Yes
Peanuts Peanut seeds sprite.png Yes Yes Yes Yes No 063 No
Pear seeds No No No Yes No 127 Yes
Pearl millet Pearl millet seeds sprite.png No Yes Yes Yes No 022 No
Pecans Yes Yes No Yes No 128 No
Pendant amaranth seeds Pendant amaranth seeds sprite.png No Yes Yes Yes No 017 No
Pepper seeds Pepper seeds sprite.png No No Yes No No 064 No
Persimmon seeds No No No Yes No 129 Yes
Pig tail seeds Pig tail seeds sprite.png No Yes Yes Yes No 134 No
Pineapple seeds Pineapple seeds sprite.png No No Yes Yes No 091 No
Plum pits No No No Yes No 130 No
Plump helmet spawn Plump helmet seeds sprite.png No Yes Yes Yes No 133 No
Pomegranate seeds No No No Yes No 118 Yes
Pomelo seeds No No No Yes No 105 Yes
Potato seeds Potato seeds sprite.png No No Yes No No 065 No
Prickle berry seeds Prickle berry seeds sprite.png No Yes Yes Yes No 140 No
Purple amaranth seeds Purple amaranth seeds sprite.png No Yes Yes Yes No 019 No
Purple yam seeds Purple yam seeds sprite.png No No Yes No No 082 No
Quinoa seeds Quinoa seeds sprite.png No Yes Yes Yes No 014 No
Radish seeds Radish seeds sprite.png No No Yes No No 066 No
Rambutan seeds No Yes No Yes No 101 No
Ramie seeds Ramie seeds sprite.png No No Yes No No 032 No
Raspberry seeds Raspberry seeds sprite.png No No Yes No No 090 No
Rat weed seeds Rat weed seeds sprite.png No Yes Yes Yes No 143 No
Red beans Red bean seeds sprite.png No Yes Yes Yes No 067 No
Red spinach seeds Red spinach seeds sprite.png No Yes Yes Yes No 020 No
Rhubarb seeds Rhubarb seeds sprite.png No No Yes No No 068 No
Rice Rice seeds sprite.png No Yes Yes Yes No 012 No
Rock nuts Quarry bush seeds sprite.png Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 137 No
Rope reed seeds Rope reed seeds sprite.png No Yes Yes Yes No 145 No
Round lime seeds No No No Yes No 110 Yes
Rye seeds Rye seeds sprite.png No Yes Yes Yes No 010 No
Sand pear seeds No No No Yes No 131 Yes
Single-grain wheat seeds Generic wheat seeds sprite.png No Yes Yes Yes No 001 No
Sliver barb seeds Sliver barb seeds sprite.png No Yes Yes Yes No 149 No
Soft wheat seeds Generic wheat seeds sprite.png No Yes Yes Yes No 003 No
Sorghum seeds Sorghum seeds sprite.png No Yes Yes Yes No 011 No
Soybean Soybean seeds sprite.png No Yes Yes Yes No 069 No
Spelt seeds Generic wheat seeds sprite.png No Yes Yes Yes No 005 No
Spinach seeds Spinach seeds sprite.png No No Yes No No 070 No
Squash seeds Squash seeds sprite.png No No Yes No No 071 No
Strawberry seeds No Yes Yes Yes No 141 No
String bean String bean seeds sprite.png No Yes Yes Yes No 038 No
Sun berry seeds Sun berry seeds sprite.png No Yes Yes Yes No 150 No
Sweet pod seeds Sweet pod seeds sprite.png No Yes Yes Yes No 136 No
Sweet potato seeds Sweet potato seeds sprite.png No No Yes No No 072 No
Taro seeds Taro seeds sprite.png No No Yes No No 073 No
Tea seeds No No No Yes No 102 Yes
Teff Teff seeds sprite.png No Yes Yes Yes No 027 No
Tomatillo seeds Tomatillo seeds sprite.png No Yes Yes Yes No 075 No
Tomato seeds Tomato seeds sprite.png No Yes Yes Yes No 074 No
Turnip seeds Turnip seeds sprite.png No No Yes No No 076 No
Two-grain wheat seeds Generic wheat seeds sprite.png No Yes Yes Yes No 002 No
Urad beans Urad bean seeds sprite.png No Yes Yes Yes No 077 No
Walnuts Yes Yes No Yes No 132 No
Watermelon seeds Watermelon seeds sprite.png No No Yes No No 078 No
Whip vine seeds Whip vine seeds sprite.png No Yes Yes Yes No 151 No
White millet White millet seeds sprite.png No Yes Yes Yes No 023 No
White yam seeds White yam seeds sprite.png No No Yes No No 083 No
Winter melon seeds Winter melon seeds sprite.png No No Yes No No 079 No

Seed Production[edit]

Seeds are produced by brewing (at a still), milling (at a millstone or quern), processing (at a farmer's workshop), or by dwarves eating the plants raw (uncooked). For information on where to grow, gather, or process specific plants, consult the specific plant's page or the general crops page.

In order to prevent your fortress becoming cluttered with millions of seeds, there is a cap of 200 seeds for each plant type and a global cap of 3000 seeds. Seed-producing activities will only produce seeds if your fortress contains fewer than 200 seeds of that type. You can exceed the 200 seed cap by buying seeds from caravans, and seed production will restart when your stocks fall below 200. Seed production is not affected by the global cap; rather, the oldest seeds in the fortress will be periodically removed to remain at or around 3000. Note that this removal may affect "strategic seed stockpiles" (i.e. seeds forbidden for use in case of typical dwarven culinary stupidity), any crops that you grow only occasionally, and potentially any crops which have been prevented from producing seeds by the specific type cap. Both of these limits can be modified in the d_init.txt file.

Note: In case you are confused about getting spam of messages like "Urist McFarmer cancels Plant seeds: Needs [seed name]", while you are sure that you have enough seeds, no burrow restrictions or closed doors, the reason for this is most likely: the haulers see a seed somewhere and take the whole seed bag from stockpile to go pick it up, making the farmer cancel his job. The problem is exacerbated when barrels are used on the seed stockpile, because the dwarves will additionally store the seed bags inside barrels, blocking even more seeds during each hauling job and extending hauling jobs by first bringing the seed bag to the seed, then returning to the stockpile, picking up the barrel to bring it to the bag, storing the bag in the barrel and only then bringing the barrel bag to the stockpile. During all this time, the seed barrel and all its contents will be blocked from access by any other job.

You can simply disallow barrels from the stockpile, which requires a somewhat larger stockpile but makes seed collection jobs much shorter and less disruptive. Bags will always be used to store seeds in stockpiles, you cannot forbid that.

Another way to deal with this problem is this: set up 2 seed stockpiles, with the larger (primary) one set to only accept items from links (a). Set the secondary (smaller) pile to take from anywhere and give to the main stockpile. Now, when a seed shows up in your dining room or brewery, the dwarves should try to put it into the secondary pile first, which shouldn't have anything in it for long (so no bag for world tour). Once the seed arrives in the secondary stockpile, a new job will be created, moving the seed over into the main stockpile. Now the bag will be picked up to move that seed into it, but if the piles are next to each other it should only be in transit for a few seconds reducing the likelihood of cancellation spam.

As a workaround, you can finally make use of the peculiarities of stockpile commands: setting a stockpile to "take" from a mill, still or farmer's workshop will prevent the workshop from sending its products to any other stockpile. If the stockpile in question doesn't accept seeds, all seeds produced by the workshop will stay in the building, readily accessible to farmers. This can be handy if the workshop is directly adjacent to the farm plot, but can cause cluttering of the workshop if other products like barrels of booze aren't moved out of the shop regularly.

"Seed" in other Languages Books-aj.svg aj ashton 01.svg
Dwarven: lenod
Elvish: are
Goblin: ösmosp
Human: ase

Bugs[edit]

  • Dwarves compulsively store seeds in bags.Bug:7869
  • Planted seeds removed from field by seed cap.Bug:8107
  • Seeds carried by merchants count against fortress seed cap.Bug:8108
  • Conflict between the two seed caps can remove an entire type of seed.Bug:8091
  • Dye stored in barrels without bags.Bug:9219 This bug is believed to apply to seeds as well, based on the 01/19/2016 dev-log note: "stop dumping dye/flour/seed/etc. bags out into barrels improperly".
Some seeds are edible, either raw or cooked.
More: GemsMetalsStones
Creature
BloodBoneCartilageCheeseChitinEggFatFeatherHair (WoolYarn) • HoofHornIchorLeatherMilkMeatNailNervous tissueOrgansParchmentPearlScaleShellSilkSkinSpitSweatTallowTearsToothWax
Plant
Fiber (PaperSlurry) • FlowerFruitLeafOil • Plant powders (DyeFlourSugar) • Seed (Press cake) • Wood
Creature/Plant
Inorganic
Hardcoded
AmberAshCoralFilthFuelGlassGrimeIceLyeMagmaMudPearlashPotashSaltUnknown substanceVomitWater
See also: Material science