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This article is about an older version of DF.
A jute bag filled with flour.

Flour is an ingredient in cooking, made by milling one of the many available grains at a millstone or quern. Milling involves grinding the grains beneath the wheel, rendering it from an inedible plant to an edible powder suitable for cooking. Milling plants needs one bag for every job, and one plant will be processed to make one bag of flour. Flour in bags or mill barrels do not wither like crops, and possess an indefinite shelf-life if kept free of vermin. It is also a very efficient use of space, since a single barrel can store up to ten bags of flour. Given these attributes, flour serves as an excellent foodstuff. A relatively small stockpile can sustain a number of dwarves during a siege or the first few months of a new outpost.

Flour that is stored in a bag is not recognized by the manager's work order conditions, unless it's given the trait 'cookable'. If the trait is not added to the item specification, the item count will always be handled as if it was 0 (meaning that all comparisons <X will be true, resulting in unlimited production). Example: If you want your Kaniwa flour stockpile to be 50 at all times, you need to add the following conditions to the work order: [a]dd item condition, [i]tem type powder, [m]aterial Kaniwa flour, [t]rait cookable, [n]umber 50.


Flour will be used in the kitchen when 'prepare meal' tasks are queued if it is enabled in the Kitchen tab in the Status screen. Flour is more valuable than the raw crop and prepared meals made with flour have a higher value. Bags and barrels of flour are often quite valuable and suitable for export or import with caravans; a single barrel of flour can easily be worth more than 200☼. A stack of plants of size n produces a bag with n flour and n seeds. Barrels of prepared meals made with valuable flour products can be worth thousands, if made by a skilled cook.

Flour Varieties[edit]

The following crops can be made into flour:

Crop name Crop value Flour Flour value
Cave wheat τ 4☼ Dwarven wheat flour 20☼
Longland grass τ 4☼ Longland flour 20☼
Whip vine § 1☼ Whip vine flour 25☼
Single-grain wheat t 2☼ Single-grain wheat flour 20☼
Two-grain wheat t 2☼ Two-grain wheat flour 20☼
Soft wheat t 2☼ Soft wheat flour 20☼
Hard wheat t 2☼ Hard wheat flour 20☼
Spelt t 2☼ Spelt flour 20☼
Barley t 2☼ Barley flour 20☼
Buckwheat t 2☼ Buckwheat flour 20☼
Oats t 2☼ Oat flour 20☼
Rye t 2☼ Rye flour 20☼
Sorghum t 2☼ Sorghum flour 20☼
Rice t 2☼ Rice flour 20☼
Maize t 2☼ Maize flour 20☼
Quinoa t 2☼ Quinoa flour 20☼
Kaniwa t 2☼ Kaniwa flour 20☼
Pendant amaranth t 2☼ Pendant amaranth flour 20☼
Blood amaranth t 2☼ Blood amaranth flour 20☼
Purple amaranth t 2☼ Purple amaranth flour 20☼
Pearl millet t 2☼ Pearl millet flour 20☼
White millet t 2☼ White millet flour 20☼
Finger millet t 2☼ Finger millet flour 20☼
Foxtail millet t 2☼ Foxtail millet flour 20☼
Fonio t 2☼ Fonio flour 20☼
Teff t 2☼ Teff flour 20☼
Flax t 2☼ Flax flour 20☼
Hemp t 2☼ Hemp flour 20☼

Flax and hemp are unique among flour-producing plants in that they also produce plant fiber; that is, it is possible to make both the flour and the containers that hold it from one plant.

Associated Technology[edit]

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Dwarven science continues to research improvements in the milling process. Dwarven histories give many examples of new and innovative quern and millstone designs, few of which are reproducible on an industrial scale, as well as elaborate mechanical schemes. Research dwarves continue to predict that the next major advance in flour technology will be a new, advanced foodstuff known as "bread" – some sort of solid beer – but they have been promising to produce this miracle substance for years and have not yet shown any progress.

No self-respecting dwarf (even when motivated by starvation) will lower themselves to eating what promised to be perfectly good beer. Many cunning chefs in the mountainhomes have, however, been known to serve a meal made entirely of the stuff to both haulers and nobles alike, claiming it to be "masterfully ground" cave wheat. Elven and human traders are similarly duped much to the pleasure of the kitchen staff.

The few human traders to make any comparison between cave wheat flour biscuits and the nigh-legendary solid beer found themselves suffering from terrible, sudden misfortune.

Also, on the topic of humans, some may be seen expressing joy over minced flour meals, apparently believing it to be another form of solid alcohol.

More: GemsMetalsStones
BloodBoneBrainCartilageCheeseChitinEggFatFeatherHair (WoolYarn) • HoofHornIchorLeatherMilkNailNervous tissueParchmentPearlScaleShellSilkSkinSpitSweatTallowTearsToothWax
Fiber (PaperSlurry) • FlowerFruitLeafOil • Plant powders (DyeFlour) • Seed (Press cake) • Wood
AmberAshCoralFilthFuelGlassGrimeIceLyeMagmaMudPearlashPotashSaltUnknown substanceVomitWater
See also: Material science