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What is a room?
The answer is not as obvious as it seems. A chamber with a bed in it is not yet a bedroom; you have to select the bed and define a bedroom from it. The functional room, as the game understands it, is not defined by walls and doors; it is a zone extending out from a piece of furniture (in our example, the bed) that defines the room, created when the room is defined from that piece of furniture. Everything covered by that zone is considered part of the room, and will contribute to both the room's value and its effectiveness. This zone does not need to extend to the walls. It is well possible to define several such rooms in one actual enclosed space; they may even overlap, although this comes at a penalty to the room's value.
Rooms can also be assigned to specific dwarves (to satisfy a noble's requirements, for instance). Unassigned bedrooms will be spontaneously claimed by individual dwarves not already possessing a bedroom. Married couples will share a bedroom (except for some nobles). Once the economy starts, dwarves will have to pay rent for their bedrooms.
To create a room, you must first have built something capable of supporting a room from the build menu, such as a table or bed. Then you must select the completed item in question with the q command and choose to create a room. The room's radius extends outward in a rectangle, but will stop when it hits walls or external doors. If you first build the door to create a closed space, then the game will define the room so you won't need to resize it unless it is very big.
If you want to have a door dividing a single, defined room into multiple areas without blocking the room's zone, you can set the door to "internal" in the door's q menu. Rooms do not have to be blocked off on all sides, and can even overlap, but for various reasons you will usually want to avoid overlapping rooms and give them proper boundaries.
In general, you only need to define a room from one object in the room. For instance, a communal dining room is defined from one table -- just give the room a large enough radius to cover the whole space.
Rooms can not span z-levels; when you define a room it can only be on a single level.
Types of rooms
- Archery Range, defined from an archery target. Used by the military.
- Barracks, defined from a bed, weapon rack, or armor stand. Used by the military or by dwarves with no assigned bedroom.
- Jail, defined from a restraint or metal cage. Used for dwarven justice.
- Meeting hall, defined from a well or table.
- Sculpture garden, defined from a statue. (Acts as a meeting hall)
- Zoo, defined from a cage or restraint. (Acts as a meeting hall)
- Bedroom, defined from a bed.
- Dining room, defined from a table.
- Study/Office/Throne Room, defined from a chair or throne
- (These are actually the same thing, even though the game refers to them with different names).
Bedrooms, dining rooms, offices, and tombs will have different quality grades depending on their size, furnishings and other factors. Higher-quality room grades will produce happy thoughts in dwarves utilizing these rooms. If a room contains items made from materials a dwarf favors, the room will have a higher perceived quality to that dwarf. You can also increase the grade of a room by smoothing and engraving the walls and the floor.
Rooms can be viewed in the building list by hitting the r key.
Influences on room quality
- Furniture adds to the quality, by exactly the value of the furniture (exception are beds and doors), which itself depends on material value and object quality, plus the value of any decorations. Price adjustments by nobles do not affect this value. Note that statues and windows affect accessibility of space same way walls do; unthoughtfully placed they can reduce room value rather than increase it.
- Doors add to room value only if they are set to internal and the room is (re-)sized afterwards, though the room still has to extend only as far as to the door, not beyond (40d).
- Floor and wall grids add to value. This is also affected by material and smoothing.
- Rooms enclosed in walls have more value than rooms of the same size in open space.
- Overlapping of rooms' space may negate effect of all value added by shared tiles and everything on them for either rooms. Details missing. Rooms can share walls and external doors just fine at no penalty.
- Any material, stone type or furniture that an assigned dwarf has a preference for will increase the perceived value of a room for that dwarf - other dwarves will perceive the standard value.
The method by which room value is determined is currently not known.
As an alternative to engraving, floors can be constructed out of valuable materials (such as gold, steel, platinum, aluminum, or megabeast soap) in order to increase room value significantly. Constructing a floor on top of an engraving will destroy the engraving, making its creator unhappy.
All standard furniture (beds, coffers, weapon racks, etc.) has a base value of 10. The base value is multiplied by the material value and the item's quality. For example, a *Marble Door* is worth 10 (door) * 2 (marble) * 4 (*superior quality*) = 80☼. A few pieces of high-quality furniture can increase a room's value quite a bit, and high-quality high-material-value furniture can add thousands to the value of the room.
- The floor space that the furniture is standing on still counts. Therefore, really valuable soap floors might be a good idea.
- Windows act as walls and statues and block the value of tile that they are built on. You can use the high value of a high-quality clear glass window as a separator of rooms to make both rooms very valuable.
- Statues (basic value 25) block the tile they're built on. They also cause any wall they're blocking to no longer contribute to room value.
If you are the lucky owner of artifact furniture, placing it in a nobles office or bedroom is the best thing you can do, as even a 'cheap' all-stone artifact will be worth at least 2400☼, boosting the room very close to grand. In practice artifacts frequently exceed 10,000☼ and can turn a single tile of dirt into a royal room.
Specific room quality grades
The grades of quality of rooms are as follows. These quality grades only apply to bedrooms, dining rooms, offices, and tombs.
|Meager Quarters||Meager Dining Room||Meager Office||Grave||1 - 99|
|Modest Quarters||Modest Dining Room||Modest Office||Servant's Burial Chamber||100 - 249|
|Quarters||Dining Room||Office||Burial Chamber||250 - 499|
|Decent Quarters||Decent Dining Room||Decent Office||Tomb||500 - 999|
|Fine Quarters*||Fine Dining Room*||Splendid Office*||Fine Tomb*||1,000 - 1,499|
|Great Bedroom||Great Dining Room||Throne Room||Mausoleum||1,500 - 2,499|
|Grand Bedroom||Grand Dining Room||Opulent Throne Room||Grand Mausoleum||2,500 - 9,999|
|Royal Bedroom||Royal Dining Room||Royal Throne Room||Royal Mausoleum||10,000+|
- (* enough to give "legendary" thoughts to to any non-noble dwarf)
- Modest Quarters:
- A 3x2 room with one or two ☼masterpieces☼ in it.
- A 3x2 room, smoothed wall and floors, +finely-crafted+ or *superior* quality furniture.
- Decent Quarters:
- A 3x3 room single detailed everywhere (with no ore or gems in the walls) with a ☼masterpiece☼ door, bed, cabinet, coffer, weapon rack, and armor stand (rent 815).
- A 5x5 room, double detailed floor, good quality furniture.
- Grand Bedroom:
- A 6x6 room with smoothed walls, engraved floors and three ≡exceptional≡ pieces of furniture.
- A 3x13 room with smoothed walls, engraved floors, six ≡exceptional≡ pieces of furniture and one ☼masterpiece☼.
Saving on nobles' rooms
You can make one large room, and install every noble there. The quality reduction for overlapping rooms is sufferable compared to the savings over constructing and furnishing a large number of rooms, particularly if you can add to the room's value with artifacts. If the king shows up, you must furnish this room to four times the "Royal" quality for it to count as Royal or just build a separate room for him.
This is a risky strategy as nobles get upset that their rooms are not better than those of lesser nobles. One solution is to designate the rooms of higher-ranked nobles as covering slightly different space, and adding high-value statues, mechanisms, or other objects within that area, not covered by the other nobles' "rooms" (as designated).
It can be useful to allocate space for certain purposes without using an explicit room designation from a piece of furniture.
A storage room is a space set aside solely to hold items that are not being used (usually with a stockpile). Often this means trade goods waiting to be sold to a caravan, unused furniture, or obscure materials saved for strange moods. Careful and timely placement of storage rooms can help to minimize clutter in your workshops, since newly made items will be stored instead of accumulating where they were created.
A vault is a more secure version of a storage room (possibly using a stockpile of gems and artifacts). To keep thieves out, the door or bridge at a vault entrance may be linked to a lever. However, it is rare for a thief to reach a vault without bumping into a dwarf or animal; a watch-animal restrained in a narrow hall is effective at spotting thieves. Vaults may be booby-trapped, but thieves do not trigger mechanics' traps or pressure plates, so this is purely for aesthetic purposes.
A hospital contains constructed, unassigned beds and has convenient access to sources of food and water. When a dwarf is injured, the hospital provides a place in which to heal (but note that an injured dwarf may claim any unassigned bed, not just one in a hospital). A dwarf resting for a long time in an underground hospital may develop cave adaptation.
A courtyard is a secure above-ground area, where your dwarves are safe from invaders and most creatures. Can incorporate stockpiles, a trade depot, a statue garden, or more.