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A floodgate is an object used to regulate the flow of fluids, such as water and magma. It is not the only item that will do so, and in fact is often not the best choice - doors, hatches, and bridges also work, often better, depending on the circumstances and needs. (See below for a comparison.)
They can be manufactured from rock (at a mason's workshop), wood (at a carpenter's workshop), metal (at a metalsmith's forge), or glass (at a glass furnace). Once manufactured, they are built in the desired location by using the keys b, x.
Unlike doors or hatches, they cannot be opened at the time they are built - they must be linked with mechanisms and activated remotely if they are to open and close.
Floodgates must be built on solid floor (i.e. not over a channel), but unlike doors do not have to be attached to a wall. A long line of free-standing floodgates can create a removable wall, that completely disappears when they are "opened". Dwarves must be able to stand adjacent to the floodgate in order to build it. In order to control a vertical water flow from a lower source, one solution is to build the floodgate on a constructed wall, and then remove the wall.
Floodgates generally have to be built prior to flooding the area (obvious for magma, isn't it?) but can still be built at a water level of 1/7. They are placed in a "closed" position, and if they are to be opened they must be linked to a lever or pressure plate - this can be done after liquid is introduced to one side, so long as the other side is accessible.
If there is no roof above a floodgate nor above an incoming water flow that comes from a source with higher elevation, the water can spill over the floodgate. See the pressure article for more information.
Dwarves often like to stand on the wrong side of the floodgate they are constructing so that they may conveniently decline any subsequent labor. They'll sit there with their feet propped up on a convenient rock, twiddling their thumbs until such time as the floodgate is opened mechanically or deconstructed. To avoid this situation you should build something on the tile you don't want them to stand on, Suspend its construction until the floodgate is complete, and Cancel its construction when you're finished.
Placement with existing water
Dwarves will not place any object in water deeper than 1/7 ("area flooded"), so if attempting to control an existing flow (i.e., if the flood has already occurred), you will need to dam the water to place your floodgates (or doors, or bridges, etc.).
Floodgates have to be linked to levers or pressure plates to allow them to be opened and closed
remotely at all. An open floodgate also can be walked through, whereas a closed one can not.
Once activated, it will take approximately 100 steps for the floodgate to open or close: the same as bridges.
One serious flaw with floodgates is that if anything is in the tile with them when they are signaled to close, they will ignore that signal and remain open. "Anything" means any object - a sock, a butterfly corpse, a goblin, a crossbow bolt, even a rock, anything! The exception to this rule is that floodgates will close on fluids (water and magma), and destroy (not displace) any units of liquid on the tile.
Because levers have on/off states rather than simply toggling attached buildings, the lever/pressure plate must send two more signals in order to unstick a floodgate - one to open (which does nothing, as it is already open) and a new "close" order - and hopefully that works.
Floodgates vs Magma
Closed floodgates of any material will resist magma, much like constructed walls. However, once a floodgate is opened, the magma will flow though and destroy:
- the floodgate itself if it was not made of magma-safe materials.
- the mechanism if it was not made of magma-safe materials (bauxite or raw adamantine), thus deconstructing the floodgate.
A water floodgate connected to a river can be opened to create a shallow pool, then closed, the pool then be drained or allowed to evaporate. The resulting mud can be used for underground farms. Standing water can be used for drinking, or sufficiently rushing water used as a defense against invaders.
A floodgate can also be used to cover fortifications when they are not being used. This will prevent enemies from firing into your fort through the fortifications, and can be useful if your marksdwarves arrive at the fortification one at a time.
Unlike doors, floodgates can be built directly adjacent to each other; that is, floodgates do not require an adjacent wall. This allows channels wider than two squares to be regulated. This characteristic also permits for the construction of "siege doors", allowing areas wider than two tiles to be sealed off from the enemy. For instance, the three tile wide access point for a Trade depot within the fortress can be closed down into a chokepoint with floodgates and a lever, giving your marksdwarves more of a chance to shoot invaders.
Using floodgates to halt or reroute enemies must be planned carefully, as large creatures such as Trolls can destroy floodgates. One solution is to use a bridge over a channel. It can still be controlled by a pressure plate or lever, but prevents trolls from ignoring your carefully planned defences.
Floodgates vs other barriers
|Floodgate||Yes||Can be built in a line without support
Closed when installed, un-openable until linked
|Door||Yes||Spare doors are often readily available,
Require support - only 2 wide max 2
|Hatch||Yes||Spare hatches are often readily available
Only good to control vertical flow
|Drawbridge||No||Opens/closes opposite of any of the above
Can control vertical or horizontal flow, or both
Atom smasher effect
|Retracting Bridge||No||Only good to control vertical water flow
Will not destroy/kill anything in its area
- 1) Some barriers refuse to close when any item, no matter how small, is blocking them. Drawbridges destroy anything that is in in their "landing area" when they open, and anything on their "anchor point" when they close.
- 2) There is an exploit that can work around this limit - see free-standing doors. However, a Caravan path is still blocked by doors, even 3-wide, even when open.
- 3) The delay between the activation of the trigger (lever or pressure plate) and the response of the barrier. A "step" is one step that the game advances, not a step that a dwarf takes (which takes a variable amount of "steps").
Barracks • Bedroom • Dining room • Jail • Meeting hall • Office • Sculpture garden • Tomb • Zoo
Animal trap • Anvil • Armor stand • Bed • Bin • Bucket • Cabinet • Cage • Coffin • Container • Restraint • Seat • Statue • Table • Weapon rack
Fortification • Floor • Stairs • Ramp • Wall
|Machine & Trap parts|
Axle • Gear assembly • Millstone • Screw pump • Water wheel • Windmill • Lever • Pressure plate • Trap • Support
Archery target • Kennel • Shop • Siege engine • Trade depot • Wagon • Well